Harnessing the Power of Open Data

by Editor@TheInnovationEconomy  | October 22, 2013

Editor@TheInnovationEconomy The Innovation Economy

By David Hoffman, Director of Security Policy and Global Privacy Officer, Intel Corporation

 

I was honored to share the stage last night with Walter Isaacson, Tom Friedman and Aneesh Chopra. The occasion was the Aspen Institute’s event “Harnessing the Power of Open Data to Fuel American Innovation”, which was part of Intel and Aspen’s ongoing Innovation Economy conversation.

 

Intel has been working with the Aspen Institute for the past five years to bring thought leaders together to explore the impact of technology and innovation on our economy. This work has shown that innovation can be the tide that lifts all boats by fueling new areas of economic and social progress.

 

Walter Isaacson introduced Tom Friedman and Aneesh Chopra and noted the increasing importance of the use of data for our economy and the need to focus on the resulting privacy issues. Aneesh Chopra powerfully called for public private partnerships to innovate uses of private sector and government data. He noted the value that can come from combining the convening power of the government with the ingenuity of the private sector. Tom Friedman and Aneesh both spoke to the international aspects of opening up government data, and Aneesh pointed toward the progress made in global collaboration through the Open Government Partnership.

 

At the event, I shared my reflections on the value from combining information held by the private sector with data opened up by government. I offered an example to illustrate this value. In September’s edition of Health Affairs, researchers at Duke University and the University of Michigan published a paper laying out the benefits from combining patient health care records with publicly available government data.

 

Their paper describes the creation of a Geographic Health Information System, which integrates patient data from the Duke healthcare system with data opened up by Durham County, such as age of housing, zoning codes, environmental exposure, public transportation routes, recreational facilities, and crime.

 

The resulting data set provides a robust picture of the patient’s overall context. This greater context is now being used to pursue the three goals of the Institute for Healthcare Improvement’s Triple Aim to:

1. improve the experience of care,

2. improve the health of populations, and

3. reduce per capita costs of healthcare.

 

One early application of this Geographic healthcare data set has been an effort to address childhood exposure to lead. By overlaying county tax assessor data, blood lead screening data from clinic visits, and census data, clinicians were able to better understand which children were at risk. The health department credited the model for contributing to a 600 percent increase in its capture rate of elevated blood levels in children.

 

This is just one example of the power of opening up government data to innovators. As we move towards having a large percentage of individuals interacting with technology on a continuous basis, we will create new opportunities for powerful data sets of the contexts of individuals’ lives.

 

There are challenges, including the structuring of the data, regulatory barriers to providing data access, and the need for robust privacy and security protections. The good news is our history of innovation indicates we can solve large challenges when presented with significant opportunities. Rethinking our implementation of the Fair Information Practice Principles is one important step we can take towards overcoming these challenges.

 

Having Walter Isaacson, the greatest chronicler of problem solving and innovation, speaking at the event was inspiring. That inspiration now needs to drive us towards a privacy model that allows us to unlock the value of this data.

 

This post originally appeared on the Policy@Intel Blog.


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How Big Data Can Revolutionize Health Care

by Editor@TheInnovationEconomy  | June 28, 2013

Editor@TheInnovationEconomy The Innovation Economy

On June 25, the Bipartisan Policy Center's Health Innovation Initiative, in partnership with Intel, hosted a policy forum on big data. The forum discussed the promise, challenges, and policies critical to encouraging innovation and economic growth while safeguarding privacy and security in our increasingly connected society.

 

Eric Dishman, Intel fellow and general manager of the Health & Life Sciences Group at Intel and forum speaker, recently wrote a piece for Politico about how big data can revolutionize health care and how it changed his own life.

 

Politico

How Big Data Can Revolutionize Health Care

June 26, 2013

 

By Eric Dishman

 

Twenty-four years ago when I was a sophomore in college, I began experiencing a series of unusual fainting spells. The spells eventually landed me in student health, where they ran lab work and uncovered some pretty serious kidney problems. After six months of tests with six doctors across two hospitals, I received my diagnosis: I had two rare diseases that would eventually destroy my kidneys. I had cancer-like cells in my immune system that needed immediate treatment. I would never be eligible for a kidney transplant, and I wasn’t likely to live more than two years.

 

That diagnosis changed my life forever. But after I found myself preparing to die according to their schedule, a fellow patient snapped me out of it. She dragged me to a medical library and dug up some research that showed the diagnoses didn’t fit me at all. She told me to wake up and take control of my health. And I did.

 

 

I became committed to creating a personal health system that wasn’t focused just on increasing my chances of survival but on improving my quality of life. I actively pursued access to technologies, data and cutting-edge treatments that helped maximize my time with friends and family. I strived to have my care at home as much as possible, away from hospitals and outpatient centers, which can be dangerous places for my compromised immune system. Read More.


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EVENT: Transforming Health Care Through Big Data

by Editor@TheInnovationEconomy  | June 19, 2013

Editor@TheInnovationEconomy The Innovation Economy

On June 25, the Bipartisan Policy Center (BPC), in partnership with the Intel Corporation, is convening a policy forum on the use of “big data” and its potential to improve both the delivery of care and the health and wellness of individuals.

 

During this interactive policy forum, we will explore the promise, challenges, and policies that are critical to encouraging innovation in improving health and health care through the use of big data. Two key policy areas will be explored in detail: (1) the role of standards in aggregating and effectively using large, disparate data sets and (2) addressing concerns about privacy and security.

 

Listen to a preview of the discussion from event speakers Eric Dishman, Intel Fellow and General Manager of the Health & Life Sciences Group, Intel Corporation and Deven McGraw, Director, Health Privacy Project, Center for Democracy and Technology:

 

 

 

This policy forum is part of the broader 2013 “Innovation Economy” series of roundtable and public forums convened in parallel by The Aspen Institute and BPC, in collaboration with Intel. Through this set of forums, we will explore the far-reaching implications of the “information revolution” (i.e. growing utility of big data), centering on the potential of this growing trend to empower individuals and transform industries across three industries: health care, energy, and homeland security. Key insights across three similar forums convened by BPC—focused on health care, energy and homeland security—will be compared and assessed in a final paper to be published by BPC later this year.


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Categories: Big Data

Big Data Innovation Requires Privacy

by David Hoffman, Director of Security Policy & Global Privacy Officer, Intel Corp  | June 5, 2013

I love to cook.  Preparing a new meal for my family is one of my greatest pleasures.  I enjoy the process starting from the selection of the recipe and then shopping for the ingredients.  I am glad we have regulations which require ingredient labeling and nutrition statements.  I am comforted by the fact that the food supply is regulated for safety.   I consider myself a careful person, but I must say I do not read every food label.  I also do not research the food companies for their inspection results, and I rarely wonder about the suppliers to the food companies and whether there is enough oversight of the suppliers to ensure high quality.  If I was forced to perform that detailed analysis for every meal, I would likely need to dramatically reduce the variety of my family’s diet, constrain myself to just a couple food companies and pay higher costs due to my inability to frequently choose competing brands.

 

Very few people want to shop and eat with those restrictions.   However, this would be the reality if food safety regulators created an environment similar to the current data privacy regulatory environment.

Our economy is currently going through a transformation in the use of data that has the potential to improve lives by solving problems in healthcare, energy, transportation, efficiency of government and security.   As one example, having access to location data from cell phone networks can help better time highway entrance gate ramps, thereby reducing traffic jams, saving energy and decreasing emissions.  It is not difficult to come up with hundreds of similar scenarios.

 

Some privacy pundits, though, would like us to restrict this use of data to situations where individuals have fully reviewed detailed notices of the privacy implications, and have explicitly consented.   This is the equivalent of having to sign a twenty page legal document before eating a bowl of soup.

 

Others look at the burden this puts on individuals, and the value to society from using the data, and conclude we must relegate privacy to an outdated activity like milling your own grain or butchering your own meat.  However, considering privacy obsolete fails to recognize that individuals need to trust their use of digital devices, or they will shy away from using them in new and innovative ways.

 

Intel sees the tremendous potential of “Big Data” to help solve the large social problems of our day, and produce a generation of economic growth.   We develop products at the core of this future, and it is our mission to make certain those products connect and enrich the lives of every person on earth.  To do this, we need to both safeguard privacy and security so individuals can trust their use of technology, and make certain any necessary laws and regulations do not burden people with understanding all of the detail about how their data is processed.

 

In their book “Big Data: A Revolution That Will Transform How We Live, Work and Think”, Ken Cukier and Victor Mayer-Schonberger provide a template to accomplish these two synergistic goals.  They call for shifting the burden away from individuals’ need to read detailed privacy policies, and to move it to organizations to demonstrate they are accountable for using the data appropriately.  Individual consent should still play a significant role for data uses which are more likely to result in significant harm (e.g., use of data to locate a child).   In most instances, though, we should take the burden off of the individual and place it where it belongs, which is on the organization processing the data. Regulators should require those entities to demonstrate their accountability, and punish bad actors harshly.

 

We can live in a world of legal documents before every meal, or one of varied and inexpensive cuisine.  It is time we move to a regulatory framework of accountable and appropriate use and more fully realize the potential of data.

 

This week begins a dialogue we call The Innovation Economy: Information Revolution.  With our remarkable partners, the Aspen Institute and the Bipartisan Policy Center, Intel will help convene experts in a variety of fields who share our sense that data has the potential to unlock unknown opportunity, but who also realize that smart policy will play a critical role.  Join us at The Innovation Economy.



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Innovation Blueprints for Long-Term American Success

by Editor@TheInnovationEconomy  | February 22, 2013

Editor@TheInnovationEconomy The Innovation Economy

By Peter Cleveland, vice president, Global Public Policy, Intel Corporation

On Monday, Intel in partnership with The Aspen Institute convened a thought provoking roundtable discussion addressing the topic, “Innovation Blueprints: Key Investments for Long Term American Success.”

The event, moderated by David Leonhardt, Washington Bureau Chief at The New York Times; featured, Dean Garfield, President of the Information Technology Industry Council; Neera Tanden, President of the Center for American Progress and included approximately thirty leaders from academia, government, private sector and media in addition to our host Walter Isaacson, President and CEO of The Aspen Institute.

I had an opportunity to participate and while the discussion was diverse, addressing a wide range of domestic and foreign policy issues, there was an overwhelming sense that as a nation we need to be more strategic in both our policies and long-term investments if we are to maintain U.S. national competitiveness in the long term.

Below are three common threads from the discussion that I believe are critical to a long-term strategy for American innovation and economic growth:

1. Investing in our Workforce: In a time of economic challenge, increasing global competition and rapidly advancing technology, investing in the education of our young people is critical to American competitiveness and sustainable economic growth – particularly in the fields of science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) that will drive future innovation.

And conscious of our history, we need to remember that the next great American inventor isn’t always home-grown; both Intel and the United States have a rich history of immigrant innovators. Smart reform of our high-skilled immigration policies will ensure the U.S. continues to serve as a beacon, attracting the best and brightest from around the world to study, start businesses and create jobs here in America.

2. Building Public-Private Partnerships: Public-Private investment and partnerships have played a critical role in bringing private sector ingenuity and efficiency to bear in meeting national challenges throughout our history. The path to and ultimate achievement of the Apollo project is a perfect example which secured American technological leadership for decades to come.

As competition increases from around the world, the U.S. needs a permanent structure in place that encourages and supports public and private research and development in the basic sciences and emerging technological frontiers that will ensure American innovation leadership in the years to come.

3. Fostering Investment & Entrepreneurship: As the dynamics of the world economy continue to shift, we need to ensure U.S. trade and tax policies are in-line with our national interests and globally competitive, attracting foreign investment and encouraging American companies to build and create the jobs of the future here in the United States.

Looking 15 years into the future, we will undoubtedly see innovations that hardly seem possible today. Already we’re seeing the beginnings of this world though 3D printing, driverless cars and the increasing instrumentation of the world around us. If we take the long view and make the critical investments now, we can pave the road to achieving this future, and foster American innovation and continued economic growth in the process.

The discussion forum we held this week is the latest in a series of events Intel has convened over the years in partnership with The Aspen Institute on the crucial elements the U.S. needs to address to foster innovation and keep the U.S. globally competitive. Learn more about The Innovation Economy.


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Sec. Clinton at the "Innovation & Global Marketplace" event on 12/14

by Editor@TheInnovationEconomy  | December 14, 2011

Editor@TheInnovationEconomy The Innovation Economy

On December 14, 2011, The Innovation Economy partners hosted "Innovation and the Global Marketplace: A Discussion on American Innovation, Trade and the Next 10 Million Jobs."

During the event U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton explored the critical connections between American jobs, economic growth and U.S. relationships around the world, through issues like trade agreements, public diplomacy, global innovation patterns and policies, the impact of technology on international relationships and geopolitics, and the rapidly changing global marketplace.

Check back soon for full video and more event photos.

 

 

NewsHour Previews “Innovation & the Global Marketplace”

by Editor@TheInnovationEconomy  | December 12, 2011

Editor@TheInnovationEconomy The Innovation Economy

PBS NewsHour’s Hari Sreenivasan previews the upcoming “Innovation and the Global Marketplace: A Discussion on American Innovation, Trade and the Next 10 Million Jobs” event, which features a conversation between Secretary of State Hillary Clinton and NewsHour’s Jim Lehrer. Watch LIVE on Dec. 14 starting at 8:45 a.m. EST. For more information.

 

Follow The Innovation Economy on Twitter (@InnovationEcon) for real-time event updates and check out the official event hashtag #IEglobalmkt for LIVE tweeting from the event.

 

Join us for “Innovation and the Global Marketplace”

by Editor@TheInnovationEconomy  | December 2, 2011

Editor@TheInnovationEconomy The Innovation Economy

Over the next 20 years, the size of the global middle class is set to grow dramatically from 1.8 billion (today) to potentially 5 billion people in 2030, according to a 2010 Brookings Institution report.

 

In light of our increasingly interconnected world and expanding global middle class, The Innovation Economy conversation this year has focused on the vital role of innovation in the global marketplace, specifically – the critical connections between American jobs, the exchange of ideas, global trade and U.S. relationships around the world.

 

Earlier this year, we hosted a conversation at The Aspen Institute with Ambassador Ron Kirk, United States Trade Representative, on how best to access the promise of global markets, the connection between open markets and the innovation economy, and the priority of saving and creating American jobs as we pursue economic growth.

 

Next week, we will continue that conversation with a discussion about how both the global and American innovation economies will be impacted as markets and the global middle class expand.  In particular, how does this expansion influence competition, education and innovation within and between nations?

 

As the culmination of this year’s discussion on the global innovation economy, we invite you to join The Aspen Institute, PBS NewsHour and Intel Corporation on Wednesday, December 14, at 8:45 a.m. EST to watch the LIVE webcast of:

 

INNOVATION AND THE GLOBAL MARKETPLACE

A Discussion on American Innovation, Trade and the Next 10 Million Jobs

 

KEYNOTE SPEAKER: Hillary Clinton, U.S. Secretary of State, interviewed by Jim Lehrer, Executive Editor, PBS NewsHour

 

The event will explore the critical connections between American jobs, economic growth and U.S. relationships around the world, through issues like trade agreements, public diplomacy, global innovation patterns and policies, the impact of technology on international relationships and geopolitics, and the rapidly changing global marketplace.

 

This half-day event will be webcast live on www.TheInnovationEconomy.org. 

 

Follow The Innovation Economy on Twitter (@InnovationEcon) for real-time event updates and check out the official event hashtag #IEglobalmkt for LIVE tweeting from the event.

 

EVENT PROGRAM:

Innovation, Trade and Creating the Next 10 Million Jobs

A discussion on the intersections among innovation, economic growth, job creation and global trade.

  •  C. Fred Bergsten, Director, The Peterson Institute for International Economics
  • Myron Brilliant, Senior Vice President, International Affairs, U.S. Chamber of Commerce
  • Thea Mei Lee, Deputy Chief of Staff, AFL-CIO
  • Karen Mills, Administrator, U.S. Small Business Administration
  • Moderated by Jeffrey Brown, Senior Correspondent, PBS NewsHour 

 

A Zero-Sum Game? The Expanding Global Marketplace and the Innovation Economy

A conversation on the impact of the burgeoning middle class in China, India and around the developing world.

  • Lael Brainard, Under Secretary for International Affairs, U.S. Department of the Treasury
  • Orville Schell, Arthur Ross Director, Center on U.S.-China Relations, Asia Society
  • Robert J. Shapiro, Co-Founder and Chairman, Sonecon, LLC
  • Moderated by Paul Solman, Business and Economics Correspondent, PBS NewsHour

 

Innovation and American Jobs

Insights on the policies that will enhance American technological innovation and facilitate job creation.

  • Tom Connelly, Executive Vice President and Chief Innovation Officer, DuPont
  • Jim Rogers, Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer, Duke Energy
  • Andy Stern, President Emeritus, Service Employees International Union
  • Moderated by Vijay Vaitheeswaran, China Business, Finance & Technology Editor, The Economist

President Obama: To Win the Future, America Must Win the Global Competition in Education

by Editor@TheInnovationEconomy  | February 22, 2011

Editor@TheInnovationEconomy The Innovation Economy

In last Saturday’s weekly address, President Obama underscored the vital importance of education to America’s global competitiveness and our long-term economic growth.  Speaking at Intel’s Hillsboro, Oregon campus, the President stated:

 

If we want to win the global competition for new jobs and industries, we’ve got to win the global competition to educate our people.  We’ve got to have the best trained, best skilled workforce in the world. (President Barack Obama, Feb. 19 Weekly Address)

 

Investing in and improving education is vital to our country’s future – particularly in the fields that are leading our technology-based innovation economy: science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM).

 

We saw further evidence of this during this past December’s “Education for Innovation: A Digital Town Hall,” with the release of a new report on STEM education from The Information Technology & Innovation Foundation (ITIF): “Refueling the U.S. Innovation Economy.” 

 

For over a half century, science-based innovation has powered America’s economy, creating good jobs, a high standard of living, and U.S. economic and political leadership. Yet, our nation’s global share of activity in STEM-focused industries is in decline, jeopardizing our status as the world’s leader in innovation.  Moreover, there is clear evidence that the United States is consistently not able to produce enough of its own STEM workers in key fields (e.g., computer science, electrical engineering), even though the best universities for studying these subjects are U.S.-based. (ITIF, Refueling the U.S. Innovation Economy)

 

The urgency in this report, underscored by President Obama’s recent statements, demonstrates both our need and our ability to improve U.S. education and ignite a culture of curiosity in our students and our classrooms.  During his weekly address, President Obama illustrated the enormous potential of America’s youth:

 

One young woman, Laurie Rumker, conducted a chemistry experiment to investigate ways to protect our water from pollution.  Another student, named Yushi Wang, applied the principles of quantum physics to design a faster computer chip.  We’re talking about high school students.

 

So these have been a tough few years for our country.  And in tough times, it’s natural to question what the future holds.  But when you meet young people like Laurie and Yushi, it’s hard not to be inspired.  And it’s impossible not to be confident about America. (President Barack Obama, Feb. 19 Weekly Address)

 

By investing in education, we will help to create the next generation of innovators that will build U.S. global competitiveness, drive sustainable economic growth and, as the President said, win the future.

 

Watch the full video of President Obama’s February 19 weekly address, below.

 

 

 


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Categories: Education

Ensuring the Bottom Line is Higher Achievement

by Carlos Contreras  | December 29, 2010

CarlosContreras U.S. Education Director, Intel Corporation

(Post originally featured on EdReformer)

 

This week, I joined a discussion that included some of the people that care most about education in the United States. As the person responsible for education programs in Washington, DC for Intel Corporation, I am constantly trying to find those who will help shape policy that drives change. I was reminded, however, that this road to change is bumpy and uphill.

 

Intel in conjunction with PBS News Hour, the Aspen Institute and the Information Technology and Innovation Foundation (ITIF) hosted a digital town hall discussion on Education for Innovation. The event coincided with release of international assessment test (PISA) and a new U.S. STEM report from ITIF. U.S. Secretary of Education Arne Duncan, OECD (Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development) Secretary General Angel Gurria and New York Times columnist Tom Friedman participated in the discussion.

 

Looking at the Numbers

 

Out of 33 OECD countries, the U.S. came in 17th in science and 25th in math. It is clear we are stuck in 2nd gear while the rest of the OECD countries are accelerating. New to this year’s survey was Shanghai-China. And Shanghai-China beat everyone. As I scanned the various articles before the digital town hall, I was actually surprised. I was surprised that some of the experts were shocked that Shanghai did so well and by the comments about sampling and “non-representative” results. Talk about denial. Can we move on and take responsibility. Finishing in the lower half is not acceptable.

 

I was impressed to hear Secretary Duncan accepting the facts and calling a spade a spade. We can and must do better. And what must be by now, ground hog day discussions that I am sure have occurred over the past 25 years, is the call for higher standards, attracting and retain teachers, turning around low performing schools and developing great principals. Can we learn from other counties like Canada whose students tend to perform well regardless of their own background or the school they attend? Can we empower replicating our most successful schools nationwide?

 

Models that Work

 

One of the recommendations that came out of the ITIF report is to create 400 new STEM specialized schools. We had two examples of such schools at the digital town hall with the participation of the Olin College of Engineering (Needham, MA.) and the School of Science and Engineering Magnet (Dallas, TX). The students, teachers and faculty were very energizing and provided a glimpse of what is possible. You can also see a sense of teamwork, collaboration and energy. These are not factory models; these are student driven schools where the teachers are the key enablers. According to the ITIF report, 10% of Olin College Graduates have started a company right after graduation. Secretary Duncan said that creativity, innovation and entrepreneurs are the future. I’d like to add mentoring and community support to the roadmap of achievement.

 

After the event, I had an opportunity to congratulate the President of Olin College, Richard Miller. He told me that he and his wife have had every single student to their home for dinner. I went to an engineering school. It was pure cold steel and with a sink or swim approach. While talking with Dr. Miller it hit me. At the end of day, it is local leadership and communities that make education work. And quite possibly our policies will have a more limited impact than I once thought.

 

At the town hall, Secretary Duncan outlined a vision that I support more than ever. He said his vision is that schools need to be community centers, with a whole host of activities, particularly in disadvantaged communities.

 

Exposure to Quality Math and Science for All

 

At Intel, our view is that all students need to acquire the skills necessary for personal and professional success in the 21st-century. Some will decide to go on to colleges like Olin and into careers in technology and engineering. Some will decide they want to pursue other interests. The bottom line is that we need to expose them to a level of math and science that allows them to make an informed decision.

 

If we don’t, we are at risk of failing to educate the next generation of great innovators in the current U.S. school system. I took the theme of the town hall – Education for Innovation – to mean just that. We want to figure out how American students are best equip to compete with students around the world as we strive to discover life-change, society lifting innovations of the future.

 

Carlos Contreras is U.S. Education Director for Intel Corporation.


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